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3 June 2013
Science

ISTU architects go to Zhigalovskiy area to survey ancient wooden temples

In the framework of the research laboratory of architectural heritage, a group of students of ISTU will go to two weeks expedition to Zhigalovskiy area. As the head of the laboratory reported to the press service of the university, associate professor of the subdepartment of architecture and design at ISTU, Alexey Chertilov, the expedition will take place at the initiative of the district administration in the framework of the municipal project "To the origins of spirituality: from research to understanding." This project got the grant of the East Siberian Branch of the Russian Geographical Society, and will be funded in the summer of 2013.

"There are wooden buildings of Orthodox churches built in 19-20 centuries, including the Temple of Odigidrievskoy Mother of God in the village of Ust-Ilga, which is the oldest wooden church in the Urals (built in 1804) in the Zhigalovskiy area. In addition, objects of wooden architecture, which have the status of historical monuments, are preserved in the villages located in the lower reaches of the Lena River. During its existence, these buildings have not been renovated and became dilapidated. The process of destruction increases every year “, says A. Chertilov. “We will conduct an architectural survey and document the condition of the buildings, including the measurements of the surviving wooden churches. According to the results of research there will be developed conceptual designs for reconstruction of the church in the village of Ust-Ilga and wooden buildings in the Lena settlements. Students will perform a number of different diploma and course papers on the basis of the materials. " 

A. Chertilov explains that the expedition would be the first major project of the laboratory of architectural heritage. According to him, the research unit was established on the basis of the laboratory of certification of monuments, which was liquidated in 1990. A. Chertilov stresses that before the main task was to identify the monuments of the Irkutsk region to produce passports and to conduct record work. The work of the new laboratory will focus on a detailed examination of objects and a complex of natural, urban planning, engineering, and technological research

"We set out to revive the old school and resume an active forwarding practice”, says A. Chertilov. “Currently we are working on well-established conventional methods which are based on acquaintance with an object in nature.  We have come primarily to the site to make sure that it exists. Then, a detailed photographic image takes place, as well as sketches, because the camera is not always able to convey the nuance. After that experts begin architectural measurements of varying complexity: from schematic to the architectural and archaeological. The main tool is often ordinary laser rangefinder and a camera. However, the most reliable method is manual measurement. "

According to A. Chertilov, this year specialized equipment worth more than 7 million comes to the laboratory of architectural heritage. The set of instruments will include the laser scanning system Leica, photogrammetric system Nikon, milling and engraving machine for carving Woodpecker, as well as 3-D printer uPrint SE. According to experts, this equipment will reduce the time working on one object for a few hours (now the process takes 3-4 days).

Irina Afanas’eva
June
2013
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